Efficiency and Endurance
When it comes to exercise many of us ask: "How long will it take, or how much do I have to do?" The shorter the duration the better, we hope. Scientists at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario have researched the benefits of shorter-duration, high-intensity workouts. They found that the aerobic benefits were just as high as those who had worked out for much longer periods of time.(1) As one professor noted, "If you are someone, like me, who just wants to boost health and fitness and you don't have 45 minutes or an hour to work out, our data show that you can get big benefits from even a single minute of intense exercise."(2) This is good news for all who feel there are not enough hours in a day.
Yet, as good as this news may be for some, I am increasingly nervous about all the schemes and strategies to make one's life more efficient. From the One Minute Manager to the One Minute Workout the short-cutting of our lives appears endemic. If one needs a quicker, faster, shorter version, there is an app for that. But I worry about what happens to our aptitude for endurance in the elevation of the efficient?
By contrast, author Malcolm Gladwell argued in his book Outliers that ten thousand hours of deliberate practice are needed before one can become good at some things. He cites Mozart, Bill Gates and the Beatles as examples of brilliant artists and inventors whose patient practice and discipline began at an early age. (3) In fact, many artists suggest that their creative expression is something that must be practiced—exercised, as it were, just like any muscle. Significant achievement—in any area—is realized when bounded by discipline, and a tireless commitment to practice, routine, and structure. The painter, Wayne Thiebaud, once said that "an artist has to train his responses more than other people do. He has to be as disciplined as a mathematician. Discipline is not a restriction but an aid to freedom."(4) Sadly, Thiebaud's and Gladwell's views are often the minority report in our hurried age.
Assumptions about growth in the spiritual life often parallel these assumptions about efficiency. Often, the drive to see measurable results creates unrealistic expectations. We often want a One Minute Spiritual Life that still yields unbounded growth and instant transformation. We expect the constant flow of "good feelings" surging through us. If we do not experience these things, or if we don't perpetually experience something novel and instant from the rhythm of worship, prayer, or study, then we believe that something isn't right. Sadly, we eschew the repetitive nature of discipline and routine.
Ritual, discipline, commitment, and structure seem impediments to growth, rather than the soil in which spiritual growth is nourished and fed. The drive for efficiency lures us into wanting a spiritual life more like osmosis—a process over which we have little control or responsibility.
There are not three easy steps to a vital spiritual life, nor an efficiency guide to greater transformation. In his own life and ministry, Jesus makes this connection between growth and discipline. In the gospel of John he exhorts his followers to "abide" in him—literally to rest and to take nourishment from the life Jesus offers.(5) In Jesus, somehow, rest is the opposite of the efficient. In addition, as we abide we are told: "Just as the Father has loved me, I have also loved you; abide in my love. If you keep my commandments, you will abide in my love; just as I have kept my Father's commandments, and abide in his love. These things I have spoken to you, that my joy may be in you, and that your joy may be made full."(6) Jesus insists that joy flows from a life of discipline and obedience that includes keeping his commands. They are not separate endeavors, but intimately enjoined to produce abundant life.
How ironic this statement seems when most of us do not associate joy with discipline or endurance! Our daily living often feels like monotonous routine. We can understand the desire to find a short-cut that brings excitement or instant results. But joy is not a feeling, nor is it dependent on the whims of our personalities. Joy is the result of a life lived in Jesus—who offers the rhythm of rest, routine, and discipline. Following in the way of Jesus can sometimes feel both tedious and difficult, as surely it is both tedious and difficult at times. But disciplined obedience is not a blockade to fullness of joy, but rather a doorway that opens into the abiding presence of God. There, we encounter one who produces something beautiful that remains.
Margaret Manning Shull is a member of the speaking and writing team at Ravi Zacharias International Ministries in Bellingham, Washington.
(1) Gretchen Reynolds, "One Minute of All-Out Exercise May Have Benefits of 45 Minutes of Moderate Exertion," www.NYTimes.com, accessed May 20, 2016.
(3) As cited by Timothy Egan, "The One Minute Life," www.NYTimes.com, accessed May 20, 2016.
(4) As cited by Clint Brown, Artist to Artist: Inspiration & Advice from Artists Past & Present (Corvalis, OR: Jackson Creek Publishers, 1998), 87.
(5) John 15:4-5.
(6) John 15:9-11.